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木料在装潢工程中的利用

在国际外,木料向来被遍及用于修建室内装修与装潢,它给人以天然美的享用,还能使室内空间发生暖和与亲热感。在古修建中,木料更是用作细木装修的首要资料,这是一种工艺请求极高的艺术装潢。
(1)条木地板

  条木(mu)(mu)地(di)板(ban)(ban)是室内利用(yong)最遍及的木(mu)(mu)质(zhi)空中,它是由龙(long)骨(gu)、地(di)板(ban)(ban)等局部组成。地(di)板(ban)(ban)有单层和(he)双(shuang)层两种,双(shuang)层者下层为毛板(ban)(ban),面层为硬木(mu)(mu)条板(ban)(ban),硬木(mu)(mu)条板(ban)(ban)多选用(yong)水曲(qu)柳木(mu)(mu)、柞木(mu)(mu)、枫木(mu)(mu)、柚木(mu)(mu)、榆木(mu)(mu)等硬质(zhi)树材(cai),单层条木(mu)(mu)板(ban)(ban)常(chang)选用(yong)松、杉等软质(zhi)树材(cai)。条板(ban)(ban)宽度普通(tong)不(bu)大(da)于120mm,板(ban)(ban)厚为20~30mm,材(cai)质(zhi)请求接纳不(bu)易陈旧迂腐和(he)变形开裂的杰出(chu)板(ban)(ban)材(cai)。   
(2)拼花木地(di)板
  拼花木(mu)(mu)地板(ban)是(shi)较高等的(de)室内空中(zhong)装修,分双(shuang)(shuang)层和单(dan)(dan)层两种,二者面层均为(wei)拼花硬木(mu)(mu)板(ban)层,双(shuang)(shuang)层者下(xia)层为(wei)毛板(ban)层。面层拼花板(ban)材(cai)多选用(yong)水(shui)曲柳木(mu)(mu)、柞木(mu)(mu)、核桃木(mu)(mu)、栎木(mu)(mu)、榆木(mu)(mu)、槐木(mu)(mu)、柳桉等质地杰出(chu)、不易(yi)陈旧(jiu)迂腐开(kai)裂的(de)硬木(mu)(mu)树材(cai)。双(shuang)(shuang)层拼花木(mu)(mu)地板(ban)牢固(gu)方式,是(shi)将面层小(xiao)板(ban)条(tiao)用(yong)暗(an)钉(ding)钉(ding)在毛板(ban)上(shang),单(dan)(dan)层拼花木(mu)(mu)地板(ban)则(ze)可(ke)接纳适(shi)合的(de)黏结(jie)资料,将硬木(mu)(mu)面板(ban)条(tiao)间(jian)接黏贴于混凝土(tu)下(xia)层上(shang)。拼花小(xiao)木(mu)(mu)条(tiao)的(de)尺寸普通为(wei)长250~300mm,宽40~60mm,板(ban)厚20~25mm,木(mu)(mu)条(tiao)普通均带有企口。   
(3)护壁(bi)板
  护壁(bi)板又称(cheng)木(mu)台(tai)度,在铺设(she)拼(pin)花(hua)地(di)板的(de)(de)房间内,常常接纳(na)木(mu)台(tai)度,以使室内空间的(de)(de)资料风格分歧,给(ji)人一(yi)种调和全体(ti)景观的(de)(de)感(gan)触感(gan)染。护壁(bi)板可接纳(na)木(mu)板、企口(kou)条板、胶合板等装潢而成,设(she)想(xiang)施(shi)工时可接纳(na)嵌(qian)条、拼(pin)缝(feng)、嵌(qian)装等手段停止构图,以到达装潢墙壁(bi)的(de)(de)目标。   
(4)木装潢线条
  木(mu)装潢(huang)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)条(tiao)简(jian)称木(mu)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)条(tiao)。木(mu)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)条(tiao)品(pin)种(zhong)单一,首(shou)要(yao)有(you)(you)(you)楼梯扶手、压(ya)边线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、墙(qiang)腰线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、天花(hua)(hua)角线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、弯线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、挂(gua)镜线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)等。各(ge)种(zhong)木(mu)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)条(tiao)平面(mian)外(wai)型各(ge)别,每类木(mu)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)条(tiao)又有(you)(you)(you)多种(zhong)断面(mian)外(wai)形,比方有(you)(you)(you)平行线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)条(tiao)、半圆(yuan)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)条(tiao)、麻花(hua)(hua)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)条(tiao)、鸠尾形线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)条(tiao)、半圆(yuan)饰(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)、齿型饰(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)、浮饰(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)、孤饰(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)、S型饰(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)、贴(tie)附饰(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)、钳齿饰(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)、十字花(hua)(hua)饰(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)、梅(mei)花(hua)(hua)饰(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)、叶型饰(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)和(he)(he)雕饰(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)等多样。修建(jian)室内(nei)接纳木(mu)条(tiao)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)装潢(huang),可增加(jia)古朴、文(wen)雅(ya)、亲热的(de)美感(gan)。木(mu)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)条(tiao)首(shou)要(yao)用作修建(jian)物(wu)室内(nei)的(de)墙(qiang)腰装潢(huang)、墙(qiang)面(mian)洞口装潢(huang)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、护壁(bi)板和(he)(he)勒脚的(de)压(ya)条(tiao)饰(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、门框(kuang)装潢(huang)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、顶棚(peng)装潢(huang)角线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、楼梯雕栏的(de)扶手、墙(qiang)壁(bi)挂(gua)画条(tiao)、镜框(kuang)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)和(he)(he)高线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)修建(jian)的(de)门窗(chuang)和(he)(he)家具等的(de)镶边、贴(tie)附组(zu)花(hua)(hua)资料(liao)。出(chu)格是(shi)在(zai)我国(guo)的(de)园林修建(jian)和(he)(he)宫殿式古修建(jian)的(de)修建(jian)工(gong)程中,木(mu)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)条(tiao)是(shi)一种(zhong)必(bi)不(bu)可缺的(de)装潢(huang)资料(liao)。   
(5)木(mu)花格
  木(mu)(mu)花(hua)格(ge)(ge)(ge)即为(wei)用(yong)木(mu)(mu)板和(he)枋木(mu)(mu)建造(zao)成(cheng)具(ju)备多少个(ge)分(fen)格(ge)(ge)(ge)的木(mu)(mu)架,这些分(fen)格(ge)(ge)(ge)的尺寸或外形普通都各不不异(yi)。木(mu)(mu)花(hua)格(ge)(ge)(ge)具(ju)备加工建造(zao)较简洁、饰件轻盈细微、外表(biao)纹理清楚等(deng)特点。木(mu)(mu)花(hua)格(ge)(ge)(ge)多用(yong)作修建物室(shi)内(nei)(nei)的花(hua)窗、隔绝距离(li)、博古架等(deng),它(ta)能起到调理室(shi)内(nei)(nei)设想风格(ge)(ge)(ge)、改良空间效力和(he)进步(bu)室(shi)内(nei)(nei)艺术品质等(deng)感(gan)化。   
(6)旋切菲薄(bo)(bo)单薄(bo)(bo)木
  旋(xuan)切菲(fei)(fei)薄(bo)单(dan)薄(bo)木(mu)(mu)因此色木(mu)(mu)、桦(hua)木(mu)(mu)或多(duo)瘤的树(shu)根为质料(liao),经(jing)水煮硬化后,旋(xuan)切成厚0.1mm 摆布的薄(bo)片,再(zai)用(yong)胶(jiao)黏(nian)剂黏(nian)贴(tie)在(zai)坚固的纸上(shang)(即(ji)纸依(yi)靠)制(zhi)成卷材。或,接纳柚木(mu)(mu)、水曲(qu)柳(liu)木(mu)(mu)、柳(liu)桉等树(shu)材,经(jing)由过(guo)程紧(jin)密(mi)旋(xuan)切,制(zhi)得厚度为0.2~0.5mm的菲(fei)(fei)薄(bo)单(dan)薄(bo)木(mu)(mu),在(zai)接纳进步前辈的胶(jiao)黏(nian)工艺(yi)和(he)(he)胶(jiao)黏(nian)剂,黏(nian)贴(tie)在(zai)胶(jiao)合板基材上(shang),制(zhi)成菲(fei)(fei)薄(bo)单(dan)薄(bo)木(mu)(mu)贴(tie)面板。旋(xuan)切菲(fei)(fei)薄(bo)单(dan)薄(bo)木(mu)(mu)斑纹斑斓动(dong)听,材色好看(kan),实在(zai)感和(he)(he)平面感强,具(ju)备天(tian)然美的特(te)(te)点(dian)。接纳树(shu)根瘤建(jian)造的菲(fei)(fei)薄(bo)单(dan)薄(bo)木(mu)(mu),具(ju)备鸟眼斑纹的特(te)(te)点(dian),装潢结果更佳。菲(fei)(fei)薄(bo)单(dan)薄(bo)木(mu)(mu)首要用(yong)作高等修(xiu)建(jian)的室内(nei)墙(qiang)、门(men)、橱柜等家具(ju)的饰面。这(zhei)类饰面资料(liao)在(zai)日(ri)本接纳较遍及。
  另(ling)外,修建(jian)室(shi)内另(ling)有一些小部(bu)位的装(zhuang)(zhuang)潢,也是接纳木料建(jian)造的,如窗台(tai)板、窗帘(lian)盒、踢脚板等,它们和(he)(he)(he)室(shi)边疆板、墙壁彼此接洽,彼此陪衬,使得全部(bu)空间的风(feng)格(ge)、材质(zhi)、色采(cai)调(diao)(diao)和(he)(he)(he)、调(diao)(diao)和(he)(he)(he),从而收到杰出(chu)的全体装(zhuang)(zhuang)潢结果。
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